UNEP has launched a new report in which it warns that the deforestation of the planet’s mangroves was exceeding average global forest loss by a rate of three to five times, resulting in economic damages of up to $42 billion annually and exposing ecosystems and coastal habitats to an increased risk of devastation from climate change. Wetlands International has contributed to this important report and strongly supports its call to action to turn the tide and safeguard and restore the world's mangroves.
This assessment of vulnerability level and capacity at the sites mentored by WIIP was designed to ascertain the characteristics and frequency of hazards faced by the local community, as well as the capacity possessed by the community, and the sites vulnerable to disaster impact. The authors are aware that this report is far from perfect. Field constraints were a limiting factor in the acquisition of data and information.Nevertheless, the authors hope that all the information contained in this report will be of use to the community, local village and district/municipal governments, as well as to other parties who have an interest in reducing the disaster risk at those sites, and that in future it will be a consideration in sustainable ecosystem management, and in deciding on mitigation steps for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR).
Until recently, the world’s response to inevitable climate change was based on producing ever more precise forecasts of what would happen locally – running ever more sophisticated climate models to generate data on the climate in Bamako, Mali in 2040, for instance – and then working out how to “adapt” to the change.
While ever bigger super-computers with ever more sophisticated climate models still attempt that, there is a growing realisation that we will never know in any detail what is coming down the track.
This report makes the case for addressing ecosystem degradation as one of the root causes of risk and vulnerability and for opting for ecosystem-based solutions as a way to reduce disaster risk and build community resilience. It focuses on water-related hazards in particular, as they make up a vast majority of risks, and are often exacerbated by inadequate water and natural resource management.
Companies impact wetlands, but they also have the power to trigger positive change on a scale that Wetlands International can never reach alone. This brochure outlines why wetlands are important for companies and how we partner with copanies to ensure the wise use of wetlands.
A set of recommendations for inclusion in the post-2015 Framework for disaster reduction (HFAII), summarised in this briefing, to ensure that the role of ecosystems, and in particular wetlands and water, are adequately addressed.